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India’s inclusivity challenge is to provide productive jobs

Spotlight, Global Edition – April 2018
Professor Kunal Sen is the Joint Research Director, Effective States and Inclusive Development (ESID) Research Centre, at the University of Manchester. He is at the forefront of research into inclusive economic development, principally focusing on India but also on East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. In this interview, the economist tells ‘India Global Business’ why he chose to focus his research on India’s economic growth story.

What made you choose to study India’s economy?

My research, which I have been working on for probably the last 15-20 years, has essentially been about understanding India’s economic growth. I have observed how India has transformed itself from a very slow-growing to a very fast-growing economy – the most recent estimates suggest that India is the fastest-growing large economy in the world. As an economist, I have been trying to understand this, particularly the political economic issues. I think that I have been able to explain in my work why this has been the case – why India, which had been doing pretty badly in terms of economic development, managed to do much better in the 1990s.